Satellites Prove The Flat Earth Deception

This website exposes the flat earth deception and proves that the earth is globe shaped.

This page provides proof that satellites exist, which is contrary to what flat earthers say.

At the FE2018 conference, Rob Skiba said that he believes in satellites, and that he used to install them. But satellites are geostationary or geosynchronous around the globe earth, so there’s a disconnect in Rob’s brain.

They proclaim that there are no satellites, and that communication is done through cable or towers.

Flat earth explanation for communication towers

The answer to the question is that satellite communication has to overcome distance and can be affected by weather, so they erect towers to provide better communication over a localized area.

Inmarsat is the leader in global mobile satellite communications. Thousands of vessels rely on our unrivalled end-to-end service availability and coverage for operational communications and safety services.

This time-lapse of the International Space Station transiting the sun proves that satellites exist.

Flat earthers proclaim that satellites don’t exist, which is absurd, given all of the weather satellite images of hurricanes lately.

Reds Rhetoric uses a Nikon P900 to capture an ISS Lunar Transit

John Michaelson took advantage of the ISS passing overhead near where he lives, and captured it transiting the sun.  He didn’t do it to prove that the ISS exists, but simply for the challenge of capturing it on a video.

This time-lapse of the International Space Station transiting the sun proved that satellites exist.

Flatearthers must deny the existence of satellites, because satellites cannot orbit a flat earth.

So, they invent other ideas for how GPS / GNSS works, mostly involving antenna towers on the ground. This seems to satisfy large numbers of people that accept this flat earth claim made without knowing anything about how GPS / GNSS really works.

WGS84 is standard for GPS

The World Geodetic System (WGS84) is the reference coordinate system used by the Global Positioning System.

It comprises of a reference ellipsoid, a standard coordinate system, altitude data and a geoid.

You can watch this weather video, to see him showing different satellite imaging of the same storm, to know that satellites exist.

Every day News stations around the world show weather satellite images.  Do you think that it’s all faked, every day?

To say that there are no satellites would mean that countless companies and people who are involved in the conspiracy to cover up the flat earth; which is just ridiculous!

Here is a list of communication satellite companies.

You can simply look at HughesNet satellite internet service to see that people in remote locations can get internet service. It would be impossible to receive land-based signals or cables, as flat-earthers claim.

GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) is a satellite system that is used to pinpoint the geographic location of a user’s receiver anywhere in the world.

VLBI Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) is a technique being used by the United States Naval Observatory (USNO) to determine the reference frames for stars and the Earth, and to predict the variable orientation of the Earth in three-dimensional space.

LIGO The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is a large-scale physics experiment and observatory to detect cosmic gravitational waves and to develop gravitational-wave observations as an astronomical tool.

How do you think that Google gathered images of every point on the Earth, to use on the Google Earth program?

From the U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) Landsat 8 satellite.

Himawari 8 is a Japanese weather satellite, the 8th of the Himawari geostationary weather satellites operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency.

Here are links to the Japan Meteorological Agency

You can use the SkyView Explore The Universe and Satellite Guide apps to use on your phone, to know where to look in the sky to view planets and satellites such as the International Space Station.

That in itself disproves flat-earthers proclamation that there are no planets or satellites.

Satellite Internet is the ability to transmit and receive data from a relatively small satellite dish on Earth and communicate with an orbiting geostationary satellite 22,300 miles above Earth’s equator.

All Geostationary satellites are always located above the equator (or zero latitude), so we can simply look at the angles of locations above the equator and below, to see that satellite dishes are not pointing to a ground-based antenna, but a satellite.

This Satellite Look Angle Calculator helps you determine the angle between a satellite dish installation location and an orbiting satellite.  Notice the angle increases as locations are closer to the Equator.

Broadway, New York
Satellite: 91W GALAXY 17 (G-17)
Elevation: 39.7°
Azimuth (true): 205.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 218.1°

Denver, Colorado
Satellite: 91W GALAXY 17 (G-17)
Elevation: 41.8°
Azimuth (true): 158.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 150.6°

Houston, Texas
Satellite: 91W GALAXY 17 (G-17)
Elevation: 55.0°
Azimuth (true): 171.3°
Azimuth (magn.): 168.7°

Peru, just below the Equator
Satellite: 91W GALAXY 17 (G-17)
Elevation: 68.4°
Azimuth (true): 299.2°
Azimuth (magn.): 302.9°

Santiago, Chile
Satellite: 91W GALAXY 17 (G-17)
Elevation: 45.4°
Azimuth (true): 326.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 324.2°

Falkland Islands
Satellite: 91W GALAXY 17 (G-17)
Elevation: 23.9°
Azimuth (true): 322.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 318.1°

You can clearly see that all of those locations are pointing to the same 91W Galaxy 17 (G-17) satellite, and that the angle of the satellite dish changes based on location.

Here is a video that was on Dec 18, 2008, long before people online were proclaiming the flat earth, that shows a satellite through night vision goggles.

You can research these photos of the ISS, which flat-earthers will dismiss as being photoshopped; but they are dismissing many amateur astronomy buffs who have witnessed the ISS through optical telescopes.

This picture of the International Space Station was taken with a Nikon P900 by Mick West, about 83° above Shingle Springs, California, ISO 400, 1/250th, f/6.5. Manual focus. Handheld.

It’s not a great image, but the ISS is small compared to the moon, and it’s on the move.; but you can see how the shape matches up with those that are captured using a telescope.

International Space Station picture was taken with a Nikon P900 by Mick West, about 83° above Shingle Springs, California, ISO 400, 1/250th, f/6.5. Manual focus. Handheld.

You can find out when it’s going to be visible by subscribing the the NASA “Spot the Station” site, which can email you whenever there’s going to be a good flyover, or just give you a list of all upcoming times when it will be visible.

This  is the first attempt to capture the ISS without transiting either the sun or moon as background and which is most difficult given the lack of contrast presented by the daytime bright sky as well as the immense difficulty in achieving perfect focus. Although the Sun was used for focusing a few minutes earlier, the absence of sunspots aggravated the situation. The ISS was captured on two successive digital images spaced approximately 0.33 seconds apart and layered to form a single composite image. The ISS was moving from the bottom right to the upper left and, as suggested by the arrows in the annotated second image, transited (occulted?) the giant gas planet.

This image was taken as the ISS transits the Sun.

This image was taken as the ISS transits the Sun.

This image was taken as the ISS transits the moon.

The International Space Station arcs over the city of Annecy

Here’s a list of the most tracked satellites from, which flat earthers have to dismiss, which means that people who use these satellites are all part of the cover up. 

AGILE is an Italian gamma ray observatory launched aboard an Indian rocket today, beginning a three-year mission to survey the sky in a search for faraway sources of the Universe’s most energetic form of light.

ALOS (Advanced Land Observing Satellite), also known as Daichi, is a Japanese (JAXA) remote sensing craft that was launched by a H-2A rocket from Tanegashima Space Center at 01:33 UT on 24 January 2006.

AQUA (EOS-PM1) is an afternoon equator-crossing platform which includes a suite of sensors designed to study the diurnal properties of cloud and aerosol radiative fluxes, cloud formation, and precipitation (MIMR, AIRS/AMSU-A/MHS, and MODIS-N) in conjunction with a wind scatterometer planned for the Japanese ADEOS-II spacecraft.

COSMOS 2458 is a Glonass satellite, designed to last seven years broadcasting navigation signals to Russian military and civilian users.

The Electro-L satellite is Russia’s second high-altitude weather observatory, coming after a troubled mission launched in 1994 that never achieved all of its goals The next-generation Electro-L program faced years of delays because of interruptions in funding.

ELEKTRO-L 2 is a weather satellite to help civilian and military forecasters track storm systems, collecting near-realtime images of weather systems from Europe to the Asia-Pacific, joining an international fleet of geostationary weather satellites owned by the United States, Europe, India, China and Japan.

Express AM5 provides digital television and radio broadcasting, telephone, video conferencing, data transmission and Internet services.

FOX-1A is a small 1-Unit CubeSat developed by AMSAT.

GE-23 AMC 23, with a pre-launch name of Worldsat 3, is an American geostationary communications satellite that was launched by a Proton-M rocket from Baikonur at 02:28 UT on 29 December 2005.

GOES 13 is an American (NOAA) geostationary weather satellite that was launched by a Delta 4 rocket from Cape Canaveral at 22:11 UT on 24 May 2006.

GOES 15 (GOES-P) is an American weather satellite, which will form part of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) system operated by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

KANOPUS-V 1 The Canopus-B satellite, developed by the All-Russia Research Institute of Electromechanics (NPP VNIIEM), is designed for remote sensing of the Earth.

KMS 3-2 KWANGMYONGSONG 3 is a North Korean Earth observation satellite, which according to the DPRK is designed for weather forecast purposes, and whose launch is widely portrayed in the West to be a veiled ballistic missile test.

KMS-4 (Kwangmyongsong-4 meaning Bright Star-4 or Lodestar-4 in Korean) is an earth observation satellite launched by North Korea on 7 February 2016.

LANDSAT 8 The Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM), a collaboration between NASA and the U.

METEOR M1 is a a Russian weather satellite designed to monitor the Earth’s climate.

METEOR M2 was designed to watch global weather, the ozone layer, the ocean surface temperature and ice conditions to facilitate shipping in polar regions and to monitor radiation environment in the near-Earth space.

METOP-A is Europe’s first polar-orbiting weather satellite and will give forecasters a new perspective on weather phenomena.

METOP-B is a 9,005-pound (4,085-kg) spacecraft outfitted with eight instruments to survey clouds, winds, moisture, greenhouse gases, and other atmospheric conditions for at least five years.

Navstar 57, also known as USA 183 and as GPS 2R-M1 (and as GPS 2R-14), was launched by a Delta 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral AFS at 03:37 UT on 26 September 2005.

NAYIF (EO-88) is a small satellite designed to send and receive messages on amateur radio frequencies.

NOAA 18 Polar-orbiting satellite; long-range weather forecasting; atmospheric and weather monitoring instruments; data stored on-board and transmitted over Fairbanks, AK and Wallops Island, VA.

NOAA-19 is the fifth in a series of five Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites (POES) with advanced microwave sounding instruments that provide imaging and sounding capabilities.

NPP NASA launched the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Preparatory Project, or NPP, on Oct.

NSS 12 was manufactured by Space Systems/Loral and has a 15-year design life the 12,400-pound (5,625-kg).

PARKINSONSAT (PSAT) is a 1 1/2 U CubeSat designed by the Naval Academy.

RESURS P1 is a Russian civil remote sensing satellite featuring a modernized high-resolution digital camera to collect imagery of Earth for Russian government agencies and international customers.

RESURS P2 is a Russian satellite to survey the globe and a plasma physics experiment to seek out signs of exotic antimatter and dark matter in the cosmos.

RESURS P3 is a Russian Earth observation satellite.

SAUDISAT 1C (or SO-50, Saudi-OSCAR 50) carries several experiments, including a mode J FM amateur repeater experiment operating on 145.

SENTINEL 2A, together with the other Sentinels, is gathering data for Europe’s Copernicus programme, which will provide accurate, timely & easily accessible information for environmental management, understanding climate change and assisting in disaster response.

SES 1 is a communications satellite designed to replace two aging spacecraft serving North America.

SPOT 7 is a commercial high-resolution optical imaging Earth observation satellite system operating from space.

TERRA The Earth Observing System (EOS) is a science and observation program that will provide long-term (15-year) data sets for Earth system science in order to gain an understanding of the interactions between Earth’s land, atmosphere, oceans, and biology.

THURAYA 2 Capacity for 13,750 simultaneous calls; voice, fax, data transmissions from/to mobile telephones; Middle East, North and Central Africa, Europe, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent.

TIANGONG 1 is the first Chinese space laboratory module launched on a critical test flight to demonstrate the vital docking technology required for a future space station.

YAMAL 402 was supposed to maneuver itself into a circular geosynchronous orbit 22,300 miles (35,888 km) up and lowering inclination where it can match Earth’s rotation and appear parked over the equator at 55 degrees East longitude to begin a 15-year service life.

Additional information on satellites:

In radio communication, skywave or skip refers to the propagation of radio waves reflected or refracted back toward Earth from the ionosphere, an electrically charged layer of the upper atmosphere. Since it is not limited by the curvature of the Earth, skywave propagation can be used to communicate beyond the horizon, at intercontinental distances. It is mostly used in the shortwave frequency bands.

Digital Globe captures high-resolution imagery from their satellite, to provide information to a broad list of customers.

Satellite Imaging Corporation (SIC) was formed in the early 1990’s as a response to increasing demand for medium and high resolution 2D and 3D satellite image data.

Full-Disk HD Images of the Earth from Satellites

Geosynchronous vs Geostationary Orbit




















43 thoughts on “Satellites Prove The Flat Earth Deception”

  1. When the eagle landed, it did not show any craters or flying dust? How come?

    Its the amazing the moon didn’t blind them with it’s glorious shine.

    • Ali, maybe you should read the home page of this website, because commenting about NASA, because I addressed that.

      And I provided many simple, logical proofs; that show that the earth cannot be flat.

  2. NASA and fans, could you please show the 24/7 live streaming of the globe spinning and it’s travel route. Maybe a Nazi company like IMB could provide the adverts to the 24/7 live streaming channel.

    How does someone like ‘Tim Peake fix his nuts’ with a spanner outside the ISS in a vacuum? Surely his blood pressure would affect his functions in such a vacuum?

    How did re-enter the incredible earth’s spin? Is there a spin to his story? That is one fast spinning globe.

    The materials that satellites are made from have a lower melting point than the upper thermosphere at 2,000° C (3,632° F) or higher. Can anyone explain this HOT TOPIC?

    How did Neil Armstrong go through the Van Allen belt with old technology that NASA are to this day still working out trying to break through the Van Allen belt challenges?

    Why would these two lying Freemason actors ruin their reputation as space pirates having ‘Moon rock’ given to Holland. These two space cowboys aka Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin actually sold this moon rock given to the Dutch prime minister by Apollo 11 astronauts in 1969, which has turned out to be a fake. OR WAS IT A LOAD OF EAGLE POO ON THE MOON, when the eagle had landed 😀
    “The eagle has landed”

    • Ali, on the home page of this website, I said “I know that NASA misleads people about their missions and uses CGI images, but that in itself doesn’t prove the flat earth. The enemy is quite devious, and may use those things on purpose to reinforce their deception.”

      So you comments about NASA and their faux missions are in vain on this website.

  3. Keep it up man! Da pseudo-‘Jewish’ Catholic overlords must have been trembling in their pants when you exposed their latest Anancy story. Thank god for real Christians like you who ain’t afraid to speak TRUTH no matter what the cost is! Good luck and God bless.

  4. These is to confirm that you are going to hell for eternity because of your lies. You will be tormented in hell for eternity day and night for lying and deceiving billions of people. You will have a greater damnation in hell. Enjoy this life on biblical flat earth.

    • It’s fine to disagree with my explanations, but it’s sad statement about their character, that flat earther’s feel the need to attack and condemn me.

      I just want the truth. I did my research, I watched many videos about the flat earth, and most of the explanations are illogical.

      I’m open to a geocentric earth, as it seems to line up with what we see and what Scripture says. But simple observations, as documented on this website, prove that the earth is not flat.

      p.s. I already have an invitation to heaven 🙂

      p.p.s If the earth were flat, I would be able to see the Edison Tower in New Jersey, from Colorado. 😛

      • You sir are an amazing person. You speak the truth, and point out flaws in flat earth arguments, all while remaining calm and collected. If only there could be more people out there like you. I am too young to proove these things, and I would definitely not be able to keep as calm as you have. Keep up the great work!

          • Here are some more facts for you to use.
            The distance when travelling 10˚ due east or west parallel to the equator.
            At 60˚N or S the distance is 300 nm or 555.8 km. Personal experience.
            At 30˚N or S the distance is 520 nm or 962.3 km. Personal experience.
            On the Equator the distance is 600 nm or 1111.2 km. Personal experience.
            For correcting sextant altitudes for the Earth’s curvature the formulae are;
            Dip = 0.97 x Square Root (Ht of Eye in feet). Personal experience.
            Dip = 1.76 x Square Root (Ht of Eye in metres). Personal experience.
            Also magnetic compasses only function because of the earth’s magnetic field, which only exists as it is because the earth is spherical. There is no such thing as a mono-pole magnet in nature. Only people who have actually worked with them or studied their development know this. I have done both. Not a single FE cultist has done either. Not a single one. Never. Not a one. Personal experience.
            Gyrocompasses only work because the Earth is slowly rotating and gravity is a fact. Only people who have actually worked with them or studied their development know this. I have done both. Not a single FE cultist has done either. Not a single one. Never. Not a one. Personal experience.

  5. If we were able to post photos here on your blog I would be able to show you how the ISS is held up by a hot air balloon and only visible through and infrared light spectrum. Also if you compare the ISS that people caught in their photos to that of the ISS shown on the NASA website you will find the two are not similar. This is because the one being used is smaller, light-weight and held up by a balloon. It’s for show.

    You will find the same debauchery with the Hubble Fake Telescope.

    This is all coming from a Non-Flat-Earther. I just see that satellites are fake and easily passed off as reality. People like you and your horrible research methods are keeping the lie alive.

    • Seriously?!? The ISS is held up by a hot air balloon? Good grief! It’s comical that you proclaim that my research methods are horrible, while I have provided proof of ISS transits across the sun and moon; while you proclaim that the ISS is held up by a balloon. Post your pictures on Instagram or Pinterest, and send me a link.

      So are you saying that you’re not a flat-earther, but you just don’t believe that satellites exist?

      If the earth is not flat, why would so many people be lying about satellites? What’s their agenda?

  6. Here is an explanation for every satellite on your list and how they are operational from GROUND-BASED technology.

    All Satellite Explanations:

    Doppler Radar:
    NEXRAD or Nexrad (Next-Generation Radar) is a network of 159 high-resolution S-bandDoppler weather radars operated by the National Weather Service (NWS), an agency of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) within the United States Department of Commerce, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) within the Department of Transportation, and the U.S. Air Force within the Department of Defense. Its technical name is WSR-88D, which stands for Weather Surveillance Radar, 1988, Doppler.

    NEXRAD detects precipitation and atmosphericmovement or wind. It returns data which when processed can be displayed in a mosaic map which shows patterns of precipitation and its movement. The radar system operates in two basic modes, selectable by the operator – a slow-scanning clear-air mode for analyzing air movements when there is little or no activity in the area, and a precipitation mode, with a faster scan for tracking active weather. NEXRAD has an increased emphasis on automation, including the use of algorithms and automated volume scans.

    Air Traffic Control:

    1. VHF Data Link

    The VHF Data Link or VHF Digital Link (VDL) is a means of sending information between aircraft and ground stations (and in the case of VDL Mode 4, other aircraft). Aeronautical VHF data links use the band 117.975–137 MHz assigned by the International Telecommunication Union to Aeronautical mobile (R) service. There are ARINC standards for ACARS on VHF and other data links installed on approximately 14,000 aircraft and a range of ICAO standards defined by the Aeronautical Mobile Communications Panel (AMCP) in the 1990s. Mode 2 is the only VDL mode being implemented operationally to support Controller Pilot Data Link Communications (CPDLC).

    2. ICAO VDL Mode 4

    The ICAO standard for VDL Mode 4 specifies a protocol enabling aircraft to exchange data with ground stations and other aircraft.

    VDL Mode 4 uses a protocol (Self-organized Time Division Multiple Access, STDMA, invented by Swede Håkan Lans in 1988) that allows it to be self-organizing, meaning no master ground station is required. This made it much simpler to implement than VDL Mode 3.
    In November 2001 this protocol was adopted by ICAO as a global standard. Its primary function was to provide a VHF frequency physical layer for ADS-B transmissions. However it was overtaken as the link for ADS-B by the Mode S radar link operating in the 1,090 MHz band which was selected as the primary link by the ICAO Air Navigation Conference in 2003.

    The VDL Mode 4 medium can also be used for air-ground exchanges. It is best used for short message transmissions between a large number of users, e.g. providing situational awareness, Digital Aeronautical Information Management (D-AIM), etc..

    European Air Traffic Management modernization trials have implemented ADS-B and air-ground exchanges using VDL Mode 4 systems. However, on air transport aircraft the operational implementations of ADS-B will use the Mode S link and of CPDLC will use VDL Mode 2.

    3. (VOR) – VHF Omnidirectional Radio Range
    VHF Omni Directional Radio Range (VOR) is a type of short-range radio navigation system for aircraft, enabling aircraft with a receiving unit to determine their position and stay on course by receiving radio signals transmitted by a network of fixed ground radio beacons. It uses frequencies in the very high frequency (VHF) band from 108 to 117.95 MHz. Developed in the United States beginning in 1937 and deployed by 1946, VOR is the standard air navigational system in the world, used by both commercial and general aviation. By 2000 there were about 3,000 VOR stations around the world including 1,033 in the US, reduced to 967 by 2013[3] with more stations being decommissioned with the widespread adoption of GPS.

    A VOR ground station sends out an omnidirectional master signal, and a highly directional second signal is propagated by a phased antenna array and rotates clockwise in space 30 times a second. This signal is timed so that its phase (compared to the master) varies as the secondary signal rotates, and this phase difference is the same as the angular direction of the ‘spinning’ signal, (so that when the signal is being sent 90 degrees clockwise from north, the signal is 90 degrees out of phase with the master). By comparing the phase of the secondary signal with the master, the angle (bearing) to the aircraft from the station can be determined. This line of positionis called the “radial” from the VOR. The intersection of radials from two different VOR stations can be used to fix the position of the aircraft, as in earlier radio direction finding(RDF) systems.

    VOR stations are fairly short range: the signals are line of sight between transmitter and receiver and are useful for up to 200 miles. Each station broadcasts a VHF radio composite signal including the navigation signal, station’s identifier and voice, if so equipped. The navigation signal allows the airborne receiving equipment to determine a bearing from the station to the aircraft (direction from the VOR station in relation to Magnetic North). The station’s identifier is typically a three-letter string in Morse code. The voice signal, if used, is usually the station name, in-flight recorded advisories, or live flight service broadcasts. At some locations, this voice signal is a continuous recorded broadcast of Hazardous Inflight Weather Advisory Service or HIWAS.

    4. (DME) – Distance Measuring Equipment

    Distance measuring equipment (DME) is a transponder-based radio navigation technology that measures slant range distance by timing the propagation delay of VHF or UHF radio signals.

    Developed in Australia, it was invented by James “Gerry” Gerrand under the supervision of Edward George “Taffy” Bowenwhile employed as Chief of the Division of Radiophysics of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). Another engineered version of the system was deployed by Amalgamated Wireless Australasia Limited in the early 1950s operating in the 200 MHz VHF band. This Australian domestic version was referred to by the Federal Department of Civil Aviation as DME(D) (or DME Domestic), and the later international version adopted by ICAO as DME(I).

    DME is similar to secondary radar, except in reverse. The system was a post-war development of the IFF (identification friend or foe) systems of World War II. To maintain compatibility, DME is functionally identical to the distance measuring component of TACAN.


    1. Nationwide Differential GPS System (NDGPS)

    NDGPS is a ground-based augmentation system that provides increased accuracy and integrity of GPS information to users on U.S. waterways. The system consists of the Maritime Differential GPS System operated by the U.S. Coast Guard. The inland component funded by the Department of Transportation was decommissioned in August 2016. NDGPS is built to international standards, and similar systems have been implemented by 50 countries around the world.

    2. Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS)

    The U.S. CORS network, managed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, archives and distributes GPS data for precise positioning tied to the National Spatial Reference System. Over 200 private, public, and academic organizations contribute data from over 1,800 GPS tracking stations to CORS. The web-based Online Positioning User Service (OPUS) offers free post-processing of GPS data sets to the centimeter level using CORS information. CORS is also being modernized to support real-time users.

    3. Differential Global Positioning System(DGPS)

    Differential Global Positioning System(DGPS) is an enhancement to Global Positioning System that provides improved location accuracy, from the 15-meter nominal GPS accuracy to about 10 cm in case of the best implementations.
    DGPS uses a network of fixed, ground-based reference stations to broadcast the difference between the positions indicated by the GPS systems and the known fixed positions. These stations broadcast the difference between the measured pseudoranges and actual (internally computed) pseudoranges, and receiver stations may correct their pseudoranges by the same amount. The digital correction signal is typically broadcast locally over ground-based transmitters of shorter range.

    The term refers to a general technique of augmentation. The United States Coast Guard(USCG) and Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) each run such systems in the U.S. and Canada on the longwave radio frequencies between 285 kHz and 325 kHz near major waterways and harbors. The USCG’s DGPS system has been named NDGPS (Nationwide DGPS) and is now jointly administered by the Coast Guard and the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Highway Administration. It consists of broadcast sites located throughout the inland and coastal portions of the United States including Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico.

    • Yes Andrew, there are many ground-based systems, because satellite communication has its challenges, due to the distance. And satellites interact with ground-based systems.

      You ignore people in remote areas, where there are no towers for hundreds of miles, who can use satellite phones and get satellite internet such as Hughesnet.

      You ignore all of the satellite dishes pointing upward, not sideways.

      I was driving in a national park in New Mexico a few months ago, that had absolutely no towers anywhere near where I was driving; and yet the vehicle’s GPS had me pinpointed to within 1-2 feet. And that my friend is only possible because the satellite is able to track me.

  7. Unfortunately NOAA doesn’t use satellites to take photos of storms, the Earth or weather. I’m positive you aren’t aware of this or you wouldn’t have used it as “proof” in your blog. I’ve taken the liberty of copying and pasting the information here for you and your readers.

    From the NOAA website – The National Oceannic and Atmospheric Administration
    “Although true-color images like this may appear to be photographs of Earth, they aren’t. They are created by combining data from the three color channels on the VIIRS instrument sensitive to the red, green and blue (or RGB) wavelengths of light into one composite image. In addition, data from several other channels are often also included to cancel out or correct atmospheric interference that may blur parts of the image.”

    Website Owner: NOAA Environmental Visualization Lab

    SPECIAL NOTE TO AUTHOR: Do better research next time you’re going to try and prove the existence of satellites. Your main point has a HUGE hole on it

    • Unfortunately Andrew, you have proved nothing. I clicked on the link to the NOAA website and it starts with “Fires in California, Oregon. The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument aboard the NOAA/NASA Suomi NPP satellite captured this visible imagery of northern California and southern Oregon on August 31, 2017.”

      In regard to the images that they produce, they are simply proclaiming that it’s not a photo taken with a regular camera, but it is a composite image that combines RGB wavelengths to make the image.

      So they are taking images from their satellite, using cameras that record those three wavelengths, and then combining them to produce the full color image.

      SPECIAL NOTE TO ANDREW: If you’re going to tell me to do better research, then apply that to yourself; for your understanding of using RGB to produce images has a HUGE hole in it.

  8. Ok stupid man. How do you have pressure? Sealed containment. We live in a snow global. Jack ass. And a flat plain. Bedford level experiment. Read it a weep.


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