This website exposes the flat earth deception and proves that the earth is globe shaped.
This page provides astronomy proofs that the earth is ball shaped, and is surrounded by stars and planets. We won’t focus on NASA images and information, as they have been accused of being fake.
Instead we will focus on astronomy sources that have no agenda, other than the study of the stars, moon, sun, planets and galaxies.
Questions for flat earthers: What is the scientific explanation for the curved shadow on the moon during a lunar eclipse? If you believe that the sun illuminates the moon, then what is blocking the suns rays from hitting the moon? If you don’t believe that the sun illuminates the moon, then what is causing the moon to appear this way?
Please comment on the bottom of this page with your answer. Thank you!
The constellations Octans, which is closest to the Southern Pole star, is visible to people who are in southern continents, who are all facing south. That’s not possible on the flat earth map!
I believe that the evil ones are having NASA publish pictures which can be proven to be fake, so that flat-earthers proclaim that it is part of the cover up.
But fake NASA images and missions, in and of themselves, do not prove the flat earth. Of course they use CGI to create nice photos, they admit as such.
Anyone can buy the SkyView Explore The Universe and Satellite Guide apps to use on their phone, to know where to look in the sky to view planets and satellites. That in itself disproves flat-earthers proclamation that there are no planets or satellites.
Stellarium is a free open source planetarium for your computer, showing you where to look for planets and constellations. It shows a realistic sky in 3D, just like what you see with the naked eye, binoculars or a telescope.
Add in all of the professional and amateur astronomy photographs of the planets and stars, such as Astronomers Without Borders, and you remove all doubt.
Here’s a superb demonstration of how verifiable observations in the real world do not work on a Flat Earth but make perfect sense on the Globe.
Why don’t the stars show up on images of the moon, and of earth from the ISS?
Here’s a video of the star trails which were recorded from the Equator.
If the earth were flat, then there would only be one circle of stars; but we can clearly see two opposing circles, which proves that the Earth is a globe.
People in the Southern Hemisphere can’t see Polaris, the North Star; because the curve of the globe earth prevents them from seeing it.
People in the Southern Hemisphere can all look South and see Alpha Crucis, but that is not possible on the flat earth model.
People in the Southern Hemisphere can all look South and see the South Celestial Pole star, Sigma Octantis, which is only possible on a globe earth.
On the flat earth model, if people in Australia, South Africa and South America, were all facing South, they would be facing opposite directions, so there is no way that they can all see the South Celestial Pole star, which does not move.
Yet people in those three Southern Hemisphere continents can look South and see the South Celestial Pole star, and see the stars circling around it.
Stars circling the South Celestial Pole from Sydney, Australia
Stars circling the South Celestial Pole from Reunion Island, South Africa
Stars circling the South Celestial Pole from Santiago, Chile
This proves that the North and South Pole stars are at the top and bottom of the Earth, and the other stars are circling the globe Earth.
An Equatorial Mount on a Telescope will allow you to track the Sun and Stars with a single axis of rotation.
If an object is moving in circles above a flat Earth this would be completely impossible. You would require two axes of movement to follow it.
Flat earthers use images like this to proclaim that planets are fake.
Many of them are from a Nikon P900, which a great little camera with a big zoom lens; but it has a small aperture, so it is not designed to take pictures of small bright objects, such distant stars and planets.
The problem is simply that the P900 cannot focus on a small point light source. So what we are seeing is planets that are blurred and out of focus. And since it’s essentially a point light source it forms an “orb” shape, commonly referred to as Bokeh.
There are Astronomy societies all around the world, who show through optical telescopes the stars, moon, sun, planets and galaxies.
To say that they are all part of the flat earth conspiracy is ridiculous!
Astronomers Without Borders features photos from people around the world.
Hamilton Amateur Astronomers is a non-profit organization dedicated to the enjoyment and advancement of astronomy. It is the largest independent astronomy club in Canada.
Find a local group who will let you look through their telescopes, to see the planets; to prove that what flat earthers teach is not true.
In The Sky virtual planetarium uses your location to let you know where to look in the sky for constellations and planets.
Anyone can buy the SkyView Explore The Universe and Satellite Guide apps to use on their phone, to know where to look in the sky to view planets and satellites.
The Virtual Telescope Project lets you use a remote telescope to view the planets, solar system, star clusters, nebulae and galaxies.
Here is a link to their Virtual Telescope Project photo gallery.
There are many Astrophotographers, such as http://www.astropix.com/index.html
This video needs no explanation; it simply and quickly illustrates the biggest problem for the Flat Earth model of the Earth. There is no math involved, it is easy to verify for yourself, and anyone can understand the problem from a single view of this video.
.Many Bible verses point to the stars of the Mazzaroth, so they are real.
When Elohim was questioning Job, He pointed out His command of the Mazzaroth, the twelve signs in the circle of the Zodiac.
Do you bind the bands of Kimah (Pleiades), or loosen the cords of Kesil (Orion)? Do you bring out the constellations (Mazzaroth ) in its season? Or do you lead the Bear (Arcturus) with its sons? Job 38:31-32
The great plan of redemption was told through the stars, long before written records were in place. It is defined with star groups and the names of individual stars.
The heavens (Mazzaroth) are proclaiming the esteem of Ěl; And the expanse is declaring the work of His hand.
Day to day pours forth speech, And night to night reveals knowledge.
There is no speech, and there are no words, Their voice is not heard.
Their line (ecliptic) has gone out through all the earth, And their words to the end of the world. In them He set up a tent for the sun (picture of Yahusha, the Sun of Righteousness, Malachi 4:2),
And it is like a bridegroom coming out of his room, It rejoices like a strong man to run the path.
Its rising is from one end of the heavens, And its circuit to the other end; And naught is hidden from its heat. Psalms 19:1-6
The enemy, Satan, has perverted the story of redemption by causing pagan empires to create alternative stories about the stars.
He has caused believers to shun any knowledge of the zodiac, as he has conditioned them to believe that it is evil.
But the constellations of the Zodiac were created by your Father in heaven, to declare His love for you, and to declare His plan of redemption.
“He appoints the number of the stars, He gives names to all of them.” Psalm 147:4
2 Kings 23:5 clearly proclaims the existence of planets; which flatearthers deny:
“And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven.”
The Southern Cross is only visible to those in the southern hemisphere.
The south celestial pole can be located from the Southern Cross (Crux) and its two “pointer” stars α Centauri and β Centauri. Draw an imaginary line from γ Crucis to α Crucis—the two stars at the extreme ends of the long axis of the cross—and follow this line through the sky.
Either go four and a half times the distance of the long axis in the direction the narrow end of the cross points, or join the two pointer stars with a line, divide this line in half, then at right angles draw another imaginary line through the sky until it meets the line from the Southern Cross. This point is 5 or 6 degrees from the south celestial pole. Very few bright stars of importance lie between Crux and the pole itself, although the constellation Musca is fairly easily recognized immediately beneath Crux.
Flat Earth’s Greatest Challenge: Southern Stars
If you were in Alaska and looked towards the North Star you would see that star remain roughly stationary and all the other stars will circle it like seen in the time lapsed photos here: www.guidescope.net/starfields/circles.htm if you were in South Africa, you will not be able to see the North Star (because the spherical earth is in the way), but if you look due south, you will see the circle of the stars go in the opposite direction.
If you are at the equator, you can see something even different (look north and see the stars moving counter clockwise and look south and see them moving clockwise). http://physics.weber.edu/schroeder/ua/StarMotion.html
The crescent shape of the moon appears inversely between people in the northern and southern hemispheres.
If Earth is flat, how can billions of people see two different sets of constellations rotating in opposite directions, around two opposite poles?
How can people in the southern hemisphere essentially stand in a circle with their backs to each other, and all be facing the same southern constellation?
If 2 people in Australia and South America are standing with their backs to the north pole, and therefore facing in different directions, how are they all able to see the southern pole star (Sigma Octantis)?
The Southern Cross cannot be seen in both New Zealand and South Africa on the Flat Earth.
South Africa is in the same time zone as Germany, but at night Germans see the North Star while South Africans are viewing the Southern Cross. The Southern cross is also seen by those in New Zealand. It is only possible on a round earth as they can see the same sky.
The question, begs, since all out of the outer part of the flat earth is supposedly ‘south’, where is the Southern Cross located at?
No matter where you put it, it would not be possible for people in South Africa and New Zealand to both see it, as they are one opposite sides of the supposed flat earth.
Flat earthers have no way to explain these 2017 celestial events, which we can see with our eyes:
February 26: Annular Solar Eclipse
March 20: Spring Equinox, when the sun will rise due East, and set due West, because the Sun is so far away that every location has the same basic angle to the sun. This is not possible on the flat earth, as people in the Northern hemisphere would have a very different angle that people in the Southern hemisphere.
April 22/23: Lyrid Meteor Shower
May 5/6: Eta Aquarid Meteors
June 9: Micromoon, when the Full Moon is at apogee, the farthest point from Earth, making June’s Strawberry Moon a Micromoon. This Full Moon looks around 12 to 14% smaller than its counterpart, the Supermoon.
July 3: Earth at Aphelion, when Earth will be at aphelion: the furthest point from the Sun in its yearly orbit.
August 7/8: Partial Lunar Eclipse
August 12/13: Perseid Meteors
August 21: Total Solar Eclipse
September 22: Fall Equinox, when the sun will rise due East, and set due West, from every location on earth, because the Sun is so far away that every location has the same basic angle to the sun. This is not possible on the flat earth, as people in the Northern hemisphere would have a very different angle that people in the Southern hemisphere.
October 8: Draconid Meteor Shower
October 20/21: Orionid Meteors
November 17/18: Leonid Meteor Shower
December 3/4: Supermoon, when the full moon looks around 12 to 14% larger than its counterpart, the Micromoon.
December 13/14: Geminids Meteors
December 23/24: Ursid Meteors
The great astronomers of history:
The story that Christians believed in a flat earth until Columbus’ time, and for some time thereafter, began as part of a fictional story that was elevated to historical fact by late 19th-century Darwinists who used it primarily as a means to ridicule Christians.
The spherical shape of the earth was known to the ancient Greeks, who even made some good estimates of its circumference and, contrary to the claims of the flat-earth myth perpetuators, was never lost.
One well-known example is Eratosthenes who measured the earth’s diameter fairly accurately in the 3rd century BC.30 Eratosthenes calculated the circumference using geometry to within 3.5% of the true value.
The ancient Greek experimenters knew its shape by evaluating a variety of evidences, including the earth’s shadow during a lunar eclipse and the changing sky as one travels northward and southward.1 The ancients knew much about astronomy because they spent a great deal of time studying the heavens and stars for navigation purposes and because of their strong interest in astrology.
Claudius Ptolemy (85-165 A.D., Greek) was an astronomer who used Hipparchus’ extensive observations to develop a model that predicted the movements of the Sun, Moon, planets, and stars. His model, called the Ptolemaic system, visualized an Earth-centered universe and assumed that all astronomical objects move at constant speeds in circular orbits. The circle was considered by the ancients to be the perfect shape, and regardless of the evidence against circular orbits, Ptolemy built his model to fit this idea. The Ptolemaic model is one of the longest upheld scientific theories in history: it was the cornerstone of astronomy for 1,500 years.
Aristotle (384-322 B.C., Greek), the great philosopher, proved that the Earth is spherical, and believed that it was at the center of the universe. His reason for believing this was actually quite scientific: he knew that if the Earth revolved around the Sun, then we should see the stars shift position throughout the year. Since he did not have the technology to detect this shift, as we do today, he concluded that Earth must rest at the center of the universe. According to him, the Sun, planets, and stars were located in spheres that revolved around the Earth.
Anaximander (611-547 B.C., Ionian) was a Greek philosopher who made the first detailed maps of the Earth and the sky. He knew that the Earth was round, and believed that it was free-floating and unsupported. He measured its circumference, and was the first to put forward the idea that celestial bodies make full circles in their orbits. One of his greatest contributions was the fact that he was the first to conceptualize space as having depth.
AT THE TIME OF THE RISE OF THE JESUITS, INTERESTING!
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543, Polish) began a new era of astronomy when he concluded that the Sun was the center of the universe instead of the Earth. Copernicus felt that the Ptolemaic system was contrived, but in his revisions of that model, he kept the orbits circular. The revolutionary idea was not popular with the Church, but several other astronomers such as Brahe and Galileo helped to eventually prove that this model of the universe more accurately portrayed reality.
Tycho Brahe (1546-1601, Danish) built an observatory from which he made the most accurate astronomical observations up to that time. His observatory contained sophisticated equipment for mapping star positions, and for more than 20 years he made detailed records of his findings. He believed that the universe was a blend of the Ptolemaic and Copernican models, and created his own model in which the planets orbit the Sun and the Sun orbits the Earth.
Giovanni Cassini (1625-1712, Italian) was the astronomer who first discovered the division in the rings of Saturn, today known as the Cassini division. He also found four moons orbiting Saturn, and measured the periods of rotation of Mars and Jupiter. The Cassini space mission currently on its way to Saturn was named after him.
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642, Italian) is the father of observational astronomy. In 1609, he heard about the Dutch invention of the telescope, and built one for himself. Even though his telescope was not very powerful compared to the amateur equipment available today, he was able to make a number of stunning discoveries which changed the face of astronomy. He saw the craters, mountains, and valleys of the Moon, noticed the huge number of stars making up the Milky Way, kept precise records of sunspot activity and the phases of Venus, and discovered four moons orbiting Jupiter. These moons are still called the Galilean Moons today, in honor of the earth-shattering scientific effects of the discovery. During a time when the Earth was still considered to be at the center of the universe, he publicized the fact that other astronomical bodies, such as Jupiter’s moons, were clearly revolving around something other than the Earth. Galileo’s support of the Copernican model of the universe frightened the Church, which put Galileo on trial in 1633. He was forced to renounce his Copernican views and was held under house arrest for the rest of his life.
William Herschel (1738-1822, British) was the discover of Uranus and two of its moons. He also discovered two more moons of Saturn and several asteroids, and made a catalog of 2,500 astronomical objects. He found the polar ice caps on Mars, which are today being studied by several satellites in the hopes of shedding light on the existence of water on Mars.
Annie Jump Cannon (1863-1941, American) was a member of the famous group of Harvard astronomers called ‘Pickering’s Women’. The director of the Harvard College Observatory, Edward Pickering, hired a number of women to sort through and organize mounds of data on the stellar classification of stars. The stars were classified by their spectra, and Annie Cannon was the most prolific and careful of the workers. She single-handedly classified 400,000 stars into the scheme we use today (O B A F G K M), and discovered 300 variable stars. She paved the way for women entering the astronomical field.
Henry Russell (1877-1957, American) was the one inventor of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram describing the spectral types of stars. He measured the parallax of the stars photographically, allowing them to be properly placed on the H-R diagram.
Edwin Hubble (1889-1953, American) made an incredible contribution to astronomy and cosmology when he discovered that faraway galaxies are moving away from us. Known as Hubble’s Law, the theory states that galaxies recede from each other at a rate proportional to their distance from each other. This concept is a cornerstone of the Big Bang model of the universe.
Jan Oort (1900-1992, Dutch) first measured the distance between our solar system and the center of the Milky Way Galaxy and calculated the mass of the Milky Way. An enormous contribution of his was the proposal of a large number of icy comets left over from the formation of the solar system, now known as the Oort Cloud.
References for more study:
How Polaris Proves the Earth is Round
ASTROPHOTOGRAPHY THIERRY LEGAULT http://www.astrophoto.fr/